Find examples for citing your sources using MLA style. The examples below represent the most common types of citations. Many more examples are available using the MLA Handbook, 8th ed. Check out the MLA Style Center for questions and additional resources.
Citation Builders are form based services that will help you create a citation based on a particular style. They will supply the commas (,), periods (.), colons (:), spacing and placement for you, but will not correct capitalization, spelling or abbreviations. NoodleTools does a good job. Others are readily available by searching the Internet for “citation builder.” Most of these services are available free of charge.
NoodleTools Express provides a citation tool for MLA, APA, and Chicago styles. Select the citation style, then the type of resource you are citing, and fill in the blanks based on the format (print, databases, etc.). Once submitted, copy the generated citation and paste it into your document for final formatting.
Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL) . Recommended by Mott faculty, Purdue’s Online Writing Lab is an award winning instructional website. In addition to citation styles, OWL provides guidance for all aspects of your research project and writing needs.
Holt, Thomas J., and Adam M. Bossler. Cybercrime in Progress: Theory and Prevention of Technology-Enabled Offenses. Routledge, 2016. Crime Science Series 17.
Rosen, Larry D., et al. iDisorder: Understanding Our Obsession with Technology and Overcoming Its Hold on Us. Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
Garling, Caleb. "Social Media Does Not Act as a Check on Negative Campaigning." Negative Campaigning, edited by Margaret Haerens, Greenhaven Press, 2014, pp. 25-29. At Issue: American Politics. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Accessed 7 Mar. 2019. Originally published as "Social Media and the Election: Any Impact?" in San Francisco Chronicle, 10 Nov. 2012.
Bossetta, Michael. "The Weaponization of Social Media: Spear Phishing and Cyber Attacks on Democracy." Contentious Narratives: Digital Technology and the Attack on Liberal Democratic Norms, special issue of the Journal of International Affairs, vol. 71, no. 1.5, 2018, pp. 97-106. Academic Search Complete.
O'Malley, Sharon. "Conspiracy Theories: Do They Undermine Democracy?" CQ Researcher, vol. 28, 24 Aug. 2018, pp. 681-704. CQ Researcher Online, doi:qresrre2018082414.
Swigger, Nathaniel. "The Online Citizen: Is Social Media Changing Citizen's Beliefs about Democratic Values?" Political Behavior, vol. 35, no. 3, Sept. 2013, pp. 589-603. JSTOR, doi:10.107/s11109-012-9208-y.
Zloteanu, Mircea, et al. "Digital Identity: The Effect of Trust and Reputation Information on User Judgement in the Sharing Economy." PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 12, 13 Dec. 2018, pp. 1-18. Academic Search Complete, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0209071.
Lewis, Kristin. "Could You Become a Mean Meme?" Scholastic Scope, Dec.-Jan. 2017/2018, pp. 11-14. MasterFILE Complete. Accessed 18 Mar. 2019.
"Should You Still Like Facebook?" Consumer Reports, vol. 83, no. 10, Oct. 2018, pp. 40-43. MasterFILE Complete. Accessed 18 Mar. 2019.
Supiano, Beckie. "What Happens in the Classroom No Longer Stays in the Classroom. What Does That Mean for Teaching?" Chronicle of Higher Education, 19 July 2018, www.chronicle.com/article/What-Happens-in-the-Classroom/243974. Accessed 27 Mar. 2019.
Junger, Richard. "Social Media." St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, edited by Thomas Riggs, 2nd. ed., vol. 4, St. James Press, 2013, pp. 619-20. Gale Virtual Reference Library.
Dixon, Denelle. "Online Privacy: It Doesn't Exist: Privacy and What We Can Do about It." Oct. 2017. TEDx Talks, TEDxMarin, 17 Oct. 2017, www.youtube.com/watch?v=LgWrD3EJ1Do. Accessed 27 Mar. 2019. Speech.
Walker-Griffea, Beverly. Personal Interview. 17 Oct. 2018.
Day Owen, Sarah. "Social Savvy: Use Caution When Revealing Location." The Augusta Chronicle, 10 Mar. 2010. Newspaper Source Plus.
Ringle, Hayley. "E.V. 5-Year-Old Plugged into Facebook, Twitter." The Tribune [Mesa, AZ], 18 Apr. 2010. Newspaper Source Plus. Accessed 11 Mar. 2019.
Selyukyh, Alina. "Attorneys General Zoom in on Tech Privacy and Power." Hosted by Mary Louise Kelly. All Things Considered, NPR, 25 Sept. 2018. NPR: National Public Radio, www.npr.org/2018/09/25/651472693/attorneys-general-zoom-in-on-tech-privacy-and-power. Accessed 11 Mar. 2019.
Selyukh, Alina. "Attorneys General Zoom in on Tech Privacy and Power." Hosted by Mary Louise Kelly. All Things Considered, NPR. Newspaper Source Plus. Transcript.
Prepared by Mott Library Reference Librarians
The bachelor. (2008). In The encyclopedia of reality television: The ultimate guide to over 20 years of reality TV from the Real World to Dancing With the Stars (pp. 210-215). New York: Pocket Book.
Survivor. (2009). In Encyclopedia of television shows, 1925 through 2007 (Vol. 4, pp. 425-435). Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
Carson, B. (2000). Frames and fictions on television: The politics of identity within drama. Portland, OR: Intellect Books. Retrieved from NetLibrary.
Hutchby, I. (2001). Confrontation as spectacle: The argumentative frame of the Ricki Lake Show. In A. Tolson (Ed.), Television talk shows: Discourse, performance, spectacle (pp. 155-172). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Murray, S., & Ouellette, L. (2004). Reality TV: Remaking television culture. New York: New York UP.
Reality TV shows encourage immoral behavior. (2006). In J. Carroll (Ed.), Opposing Viewpoints: Television. San Diego: Greenhaven Press. Retrieved from Opposing Viewpoints in Context via Gale.
Actress Shayne Lamas says she hopes her new reality show featuring her siblings and parents will bring her family closer together [Electronic version]. (2009, October 5). Washington Times, p. B7. Retrieved from InfoTrac Newsstand via Gale.
Competitive reality shows dominate local ratings [Electronic version]. (2009, September 20). Chattanooga Times/Free Press, p. NA. Retrieved from InfoTrac Newsstand via Gale.
Media: the fallout from 15 minutes of fame: as reality tv producers introduce more vulnerable people to pull in jaded viewers, they have increased the psychological help available [Electronic version]. (2009, August 24). The Guardian (London, England), p. 2. Retrieved from InfoTrac Newsstand via Gale.
Antics in the attic; reality TV: Created in Europe; sold in America. (2001, May 26). The Economist, 6.
Schneider, M. (2009, October 5). Reeling from reality: As franchises lose viewers, nets are left in the lurch. Variety, 1(2). Retrieved from WilsonSelectPlus via OCLC.
Streisand, B. (2001, January 22). Did you say reality TV? or surreal TV? U.S. News & World Report, 36.
Ward, K. (2009, October 30). Stupid parents + reality TV = kids at risk. Entertainment Weekly, 30. Retrieved from General OneFile via Gale.
Young, T. (2009, January 17). How a reality show gave me back my title as least popular person in America. Spectator, 309. Retrieved from Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center via Gale.
Baruh, L. (2009). Publicized intimacies on reality television: An analysis of voyeuristic content and its contribution to the appeal of reality programming. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 53(2), 190-211. Retrieved from General OneFile via Gale.
Houck, M. M. (2009). CSI: reality—attorneys, investigators and educators have felt the impact of television's popular forensics programs. Scientific American, 295(1), 84-89.
McVey, C. (2001). Reality bites: Do participants in reality TV shows really know what they are getting into? Cynthia McVey argues that informed consent isn't all it's cracked up to be. New Scientist, 294(5545), 1262-1263. Retrieved from JSTOR.
Pointon, C. (2006). Beware 'big brother'. Therapy Today, 17(10), 4-7. Retrieved from CINAHL Plus with Full-Text via EBSCOhost.
Shouse, B. (2001). Reality TV puts group behavior to the test. Science, 294(5545), 1262-1263. Retrieved from JSTOR.
Reality television. (2009, October 27). In Wikipedia: The free encyclopedia. Retrieved October 21, 2010 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reality_television.
Guttentag, Bill. (2008, February 13). Why are reality TV shows so popular? Commonwealth Club of California. San Francisco. Lecture [video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QAnAoM96WxE.
Prepared by members of the
Mott Library staff, April 2011
Find examples for citing your resources using AMA style. These examples represent the most common types of references. Many more examples are available using the AMA Manual of Style, 10th ed.
Citation Builders are form based services that will help you create a citation or reference based on a particular style. They will supply the commas (,), periods (.), colons (:), spacing and placement for you, but will not correct capitalization, spelling or abbreviations. At this time, these free services do not accurately support AMA style. The library databases, like CINAHL, provide a tool to cite an article in various styles, like APA and MLA. If the AMA style option was available, it did NOT properly format the citation, and therefore, is not recommended. We will periodically review the online services for accuracy and future recommendations.
Colleges and universities have produced similar AMA guides for students.
AMA style provides a system for giving credit to others for their contribution to your work. The references allow your reader to consult the resources you used to write your paper. Unlike other style formats, parenthetical citations are restricted, and the reference citation is displayed as a superscript number after the punctuation, as in this example.3 However, when citing the same source more than once, include the page number enclosed in parentheses in the reference. For example:
Subauste writes that, “Effective manipulation of autophagy requires understanding of the molecular events that govern this process.”8(743)
See the AMA Manual of Style, 10th ed. for more complete examples.
AMA style requires references to be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are cited in the text. (AMA 3.5)
If you need help actually writing or revising your paper contact The Writing Center at (810) 762-0229 or visit them in the Curtice-Mott Complex, CM2031.
AMA STYLE CITATION EXAMPLE:
Books, Reference Books, and Book Chapters:
Created by Lori Nye
and members of the Mott Library staff,